In chapter 28 we will encounter several ideas and images that are distinctive features of the Daode jing. One of these is the concept of de (virtue, potency, power), which forms part of the title of the text and represents the manifestation of the Dao in individual beings and things. Related to de is the idea of the valley, a key image of receptivity and nourishment. In addition, we will explore the ideas of simplicity, authenticity and wholeness as expressed in the image of uncarved wood.

Being the valley of the world
constant potency is sufficient
return to the state of uncarved wood